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The IRAC method is a framework for organising your answer to a legal problem question. IRAC stands for Issue, Rule, Analysis, and Conclusion. Using IRAC will help you structure your answer in a logical, clear and concise way that will satisfy most examiners.

The first step in answering a legal problem using IRAC is to identify the legal issue(s) raised by the question. A “legal issue” is a point of law that is material to the resolution of the particular legal problem. In other words, it is a question of law that must be answered in order to decide the case.

There may be more than one legal issue raised by a question. For example, a question might raise issues of contract law and tort law. Or, a question might raise an issue of statutory interpretation and another issue of constitutional law. It is important to try to identify all of the legal issues raised by the question.

Rule

The second step in answering a legal question using IRAC is to state the relevant rule(s) of law that apply to the issue(s). The “relevant rule(s)” are the principles of law that will be used by the court to resolve the legal issue(s).

There is usually more than one rule of law that applies to any given legal issue. For example, there may be several different rules of contract law that apply to a particular contract issue. Or, there may be several different rules of tort law that apply to a particular negligence issue. It is important to try to identify all of the relevant rules of law that apply to the legal issue.

Once you have stated the relevant rule(s) of law, you should analyse how the rule(s) apply to the facts given in the question.

Analysis

The third step in answering a legal problem question using IRAC is to analyse how the rule(s) apply to the facts given in the question. This is where you discuss the application of the relevant rule(s) of law to the particular facts of the case.

Your discussion should be clear and concise. It should explain how the rule(s) apply to the facts, and why the rule(s) lead to a particular conclusion.

Conclusion

The fourth and final step in answering a legal problem question using IRAC is to draw a conclusion as to what the outcome of the legal problem would be. This is where you state your conclusion as to what the result of the legal issue would be.

How do our law assignments help services guide you with IRAC Method Uses?

Here, our law assignment help services will guide you with the proper use of IRAC method in solving case laws. Let us assume that there is a given situation and you need to apply the rule of law. In such a scenario, it would be advisable to first identify the issue at hand.

Once you have determined what the legal issue is, you can then move on to state the rule of law that applies to the situation. The next step would be to analyse how the rule applies to the given facts. Afterward, you can reach a conclusion as to what the outcome of the legal problem would be.

Applying the IRAC Method in Different Areas of Law

The IRAC method can be applied to any area of law. However, it is most commonly used in the following areas:

Contract law: The rules of contract law govern the formation and performance of contracts. Contract law issues often arise in business transactions, such as the sale of goods or services.

Tort law: The rules of tort law govern the rights and duties of people who have been injured by the wrongful conduct of others. Tort law issues often arise in personal injury cases, such as car accidents.

Criminal law: The rules of criminal law define the types of conduct that are considered to be crimes. Criminal law issues often arise in cases involving violence, theft, or fraud.

Constitutional law: The rules of constitutional law define the powers and duties of the different branches of government. Constitutional law issues often arise in cases involving the rights of individuals, such as the right to freedom of speech.

Administrative law: The rules of administrative law define the powers and duties of administrative agencies. Administrative law issues often arise in cases involving the regulation of businesses, such as the Environmental Protection Agency.

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