Our Indian Constitution
Our Indian Constitution

Also Our Indian Constitution: Parts, Schedule and Articles

Here you will learn about the Our Indian Constitution in 2021.

Our Indian Constitution
Our Indian Constitution

Also, The Constitution of India, which is the largest constitution in the world, consists of 448 articles, 25 parts and 12 schedules. However, The Constitution of India encapsulates the codes, procedures, rights, duties, rules and regulations to be followed and followed by the citizens and the government. Similarly, NS. R. Ambedkar is known as its main architect and “Father of Indian Constitution”.

However, The Constitution was adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India on 26 November 1949 and came into force on 26 January 1950 which is celebrated as Republic Day. moreover, At its inception, it had 395 Articles, 22 Parts and 8 Schedules.

Also, So far 104 amendments have been made in the constitution. Know in detail about some of the major articles along with the parts and schedules of the Indian Constitution.

Parts of the Indian Constitution:

Also, Initially, there were 22 parts of the Indian Constitution. Later, with amendments, Parts IVA, IXA, IXB and XIVA were added to it. Let us have a look at some parts of the Indian Constitution.

Article 264 to 300A

(Articles 348 to 349)
Chapter IV-Special Instructions (Articles 350 to 351)

Article 343 to 351

0. PART XVIII PROVISIONS OF EMERGENCY ARTICLES 352 TO 360
1. PART XIX Miscellaneous Articles 361 to 367
2. PART XX CONSTITUTION AMENDMENT ARTICLE 368
3. Part XXI Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions Articles 369 to 392
4. Part XXII Short Title, Commendation, Official Text in Hindi and Repeal Articles 393 to 395

Right to Reservation Is Not a Fundamental Right: Know All Details

Also, Schedules of the Indian Constitution : Indian Constitution Schedules
Originally there were 8 schedules in the Indian Constitution. Later, the total increased to 12. The schedules are given in the table:

Indian Constitution Schedules 1 to 12

First Schedule – List of States and Union Territories and their Territories
Also, Second Schedule – President, Governors, Speakers of States, Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the House of the People and Speaker. and Deputy Speaker of the Council of States and Speaker and Deputy Speaker.

Also, And Speaker of the Legislative Assembly, Deputy Speaker of the Legislative Council of a State, Judges of the Supreme Court and High Courts and Comptroller and Auditor General of India List of States and Union Territories and their territories.

Third Schedule – Form of oath.
Fourth Schedule – Provision for the allocation of seats in the Council of States.
Fifth Schedule – Provision for the administration and control of Scheduled Areas and Scheduled Tribes.
Sixth Schedule – Provisions for the administration of tribal areas in the states of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram.
Seventh Schedule – Union List, State List and Concurrent List.
Eighth Schedule – List of recognized languages.
Ninth Schedule – Provision for verification of certain Acts and Regulations.
Tenth Schedule – Provision for disqualification on grounds of defection.
Eleventh Schedule – Powers, Rights and Responsibilities of Panchayats.
Twelfth Schedule – Powers, Powers and Responsibilities of Municipalities.

Emergency Provisions in the Indian Constitution

Articles of the Indian Constitution
Fundamental rights are given from Article 12 to 35. This is a major part of which
Right to Reservation Is Not a Fundamental Right: Know All Details

Schedules of the Indian Constitution : Indian Constitution Schedules
Originally there were 8 schedules in the Indian Constitution. Later, the total increased to 12.

The schedules are given in the table:

Indian Constitution Schedules 1 to 12
Also, First Schedule – List of States and Union Territories and their Territories
Second Schedule – President, Governors, Speakers of States, Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the House of the People and Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the Council of States and Speaker and Deputy Speaker and Speaker of the Legislative Assembly, Deputy Speaker of the Legislative Council of a State, Judges of the Supreme Court and High Courts and Comptroller and Auditor General of India List of States and Union Territories and their territories.

Third Schedule – Form of oath.

Moreover, Fourth Schedule – Provision for the allocation of seats in the Council of States. similarly, Fifth Schedule – Provision for the administration and control of Scheduled Areas and Scheduled Tribes. Also, Sixth Schedule – Provisions for the administration of tribal areas in the states of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram. Seventh Schedule – Union List, State List and Concurrent List. Eighth Schedule – List of recognized languages.

However, Ninth Schedule – Provision for verification of certain Acts and Regulations. Moreover, Tenth Schedule – Provision for disqualification on grounds of defection. Eleventh Schedule – Powers, Rights and Responsibilities of Panchayats. similarly, Twelfth Schedule – Powers, Powers and Responsibilities of Municipalities.

Emergency Provisions in the Indian Constitution

Also, Articles of the Indian Constitution Fundamental rights are given from Article 12 to 35. This is a major part about which every citizen should be aware. Similarly, We are providing you the list of all Fundamental Rights along with Article.

FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS OF INDIAN CITIZENS

S.No Fundamental Right Article of Constitution
1 Right To Equality
(Article- 14 to 18) Art. 14- Equality Before Law
Art. 15- Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth
Art. 16- Equality of opportunity in public employment
Art. 17- Abolition of untouchability
Art. 18- Abolition of Titles
2 Right To Freedom
(Article- 19 to 22) Art 19- Freedom of speech, expression, movement
20. Art 20- Protection from conviction for offenses
21. Art 21- Right to life & Personal Liberty
22. Art 22- Protection against arrest or detention
3 Right Against Exploitation
(Article- 23 & 24) Art 23- Protection from trafficking & Forced Labor

Art 24- Ban on child labor
4 Right To Freedom of Religion
(Article- 25 to 28) Art 25- Freedom to practice one’s own religion
26. Art 26- Freedom to manage religious affairs
27. Art 27- No taxation for promotion of religion
28. Art 28- Freedom as to attendance at religious instruction or religious worship in institutions
5 Cultural & Educational Rights (Article 29 & 30) Art 29- To Protect & Preserve the minorities
Art 30- Right of minorities to administer educational institutions
6 Right To Constitutional Remedies (Article 32) Art 32- Remedies for enforcement of rights

Fundamental Rights Of Indian Citizens: Know In Detail

The Supreme Court has reaffirmed its decision in the Maneka case in subsequent cases. It has declared the following rights as part of Article 21:

(1) Right to live with human dignity.
(2) Right to civilized environment including pollution free water and air and protection from hazardous industries.
(3) Right to livelihood
(4) Right to Privacy
(5) Right to shelter
(6) Right to Health
(7) Right to free education till the age of 14
(8) Right to free legal aid

also, (9) Right against solitary confinement, (10) Right to speedy trial (11) Right against handcuffing (12) Right against inhuman treatment.

however, (13) Right against delayed execution. (14) Right to travel abroad. (15) Right against bonded labor. (16) Right against custodial harassment.

(17)Right to emergency medical aid
(18) Right to timely medical attention in a government hospital
(19) Right not to go out of state.
(20) Right to fair trial.
(21) Right of a prisoner to the necessities of life.

(22) Right of woman to decency and dignity.
(23) Right against public hanging.
(24) Right to be heard.
(25) Right to Information.
(26) Right to prestige.
(27) Right of appeal of sentence
(28) Right to social security and protection of family
(29) Right to social and economic justice and empowerment
(30) The Right Against Bar Fates
(31) Right to proper life insurance policy
(32) Right to Gold
(33) Right to freedom from noise pollution
(34) Right to Electricity
Parliament Of India

Important Amendments to the Indian Constitution

A total of 104 amendments have taken place since the inception of the Constitution in 1950.

Also, First Amendment Act, 1951 Changes in the provisions of the Fundamental Rights of the Constitution
Second Amendment Act 1952 amended Article 81 to remove the prescribed limit of 7,50,000 for a member to be elected to the Lok Sabha.
Also, The Third Amendment Act, 1954 amends three legislative lists in the Seventh Schedule and replaces entry 33 in the Concurrent List by a new one.
Fourth Amendment Act, 1955 Article 31 and 31A amended
5th Amendment Act, 1955 Article 3 amended

Also, 7th Amendment Act, 1956 This amendment was made to implement the States Reorganization Act
9th Amendment Act, 1960 It provided for the transfer of certain territories of India to Pakistan under an agreement between India and Pakistan
Also, 10th Amendment Act, 1961 The Tenth Amendment integrates the territories of the liberated Dadra and Nagar Haveli with the Union of India
11th Amendment Act, 1962 The Vice-President is elected by the Electoral College by members of both the Houses of Parliament, rather than by joint sitting of Parliament.
Also, The 21st Amendment Act, 1962 included the areas of Goa, Daman and Diu in the Indian Union.

The 13th Amendment Act, 1962, created Nagaland as a state of the Union of India.

Also, 15th Amendment Act, 1963 Raised the retirement age of High Court judges from 60 to 62 and other minor amendments
However, The 21st Amendment Act, 1967 included Sindhi as the 15th regional language in the Eighth Schedule. Similarly, The 26th Amendment Act, 1971 abolished the titles and privileges of the former rulers of the princely states.
Also, The 31st Amendment Act, 1973 increased the optional power of the Lok Sabha from 525 to 545.
The 36th Amendment Act, 1975 made Sikkim a state of the Indian Union.
Also, 38th Amendment Act, 1975, President can declare emergency
42nd Amendment Act, 1976,
Supremacy for Parliament and the Directive Principles for Fundamental Rights.
It also added 10 fundamental duties to the constitution.
Also, Changing “Sovereign Democratic Republic” from the Preamble of the Constitution to “Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic” and promoting the unity of the nation

44th Amendment Act, 1978
Also, The normal term of the Lok Sabha and the Legislative Assemblies was restored to 5 years.
Right to property removed from Part III
45th Amendment Act, 1980, extension of SC/ST reservation for 10 years (till 1990).
Also, The Tenth Schedule was included in the Constitution with respect to the provisions of the 52nd Amendment Act, 1985, disqualification on the ground of defection.
The 56th Amendment Act, 1987 adopted the Hind version of the Constitution of India for all the purposes that were given in the Union Territory of Goa.
Also, 61st Amendment Act, 1989 Reduced the voting age for Lok Sabha and Legislative Assemblies from 21 to 18 years

73rd Amendment, 1993

(Municipal Bill), 1992
Also, (Panchayat Bill) Formation of Gram Sabha in villages, Panchayats at village and other levels, direct election to all seats of Panchayats and reservation of seats for SCs and STs and fixation of tenure of 5 years for Panchayats. Also, 74th Amendment, 1993 (Municipal Bill) Constitution of three types of municipalities for SC/ST, women and OBC and reservation of seats in every municipality

86th Amendment Act, 2002

Also, Article 21 is followed by the insertion of a new Article 21A.
however, The new Article 21A deals with the right to education.
Also, 89th Amendment Act, 2003, Amendment of Article 338
moreover, 91st Amendment Act, 2003 Amendment of Article 75
Also, The 92nd Amendment Act, 2004, included Bodo, Dogri, Santali and Maithili as official languages.

93rd Amendment Act, 2006, Reservation for Other Backward Classes (OBC) in government as well as private educational institutions (27%). Also, 99th Amendment Act, 2015 Constitution of a National Judicial Appointments Commission

In conclusion, The 100th Amendment Act, 2015 The Constitution (100th Amendment) Act. also, 2015 was in the news in the fourth week of May 2015, as the President of India. however,  Pranab Mukherjee gave assent to the Constitution (119th Amendment) Bill, 2013, which has been enacted by India and Bangladesh.

Land Related Agreement (LBA) between

In conclusion, 101st Amendment Act, 2017, Goods and Services Tax came into force. 103rd Amendment Act, 2019 10% reservation for economically weaker sections of the society. however, for admission in central government-run educational institutions and private educational institutions. Also, The Constitution (104th Amendment) Act, 2020 increased the reservation of seats for SCs and STs in the Lok Sabha and state legislatures.

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